The 2020 Census counts every person living in the 50 states, District of Columbia and the five U.S. territories. The count is mandated by the Constitution and conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, a nonpartisan government agency. Each home will receive an invitation to respond to a short questionnaire; online, by phone, or by mail.
The census provides critical data that lawmakers, business owners, teachers and many others use to provide daily services, products and support for you and your community. Every year, billions of dollars in federal funding go to hospitals, fire departments, schools, roads and other resources based on census data. The results of the census also determine the number of seats each state will have in the U.S. House of Representatives, and they are used to draw congressional and state legislative districts. It’s also in the Constitution: Article 1, Section 2, mandates that the country conduct a count of its population once every 10 years.
The 2020 Census will mark the 24th time that the country has counted its population since 1790. Participating in the census is required by law, even if you recently completed another survey from the Census Bureau. A complete and accurate count is critical for you and your community, because the results of the 2020 Census will affect community funding, congressional representation, and more.
In mid-March, homes across the country will begin receiving invitations to complete the 2020 Census. Once the invitation arrives, you should respond for your home in one of three ways: online, by phone or by mail.
April 1 is Census Day, a key reference date for the 2020 Census. When completing the census, you will include everyone living in your home on April 1, 2020. Census Day will be celebrated with events across the country. Getting a complete and accurate census count is critically important. That’s why your response is required by law. If you do not respond, the U.S. Census Bureau will follow up in person to collect your response. The results are used to determine how much funding local communities receive for key public services and how many seats each state gets in Congress. State and local officials also use census counts to draw boundaries for congressional, state legislative, and school districts. The Census Bureau is also required by law to protect your answers. Your responses are used only to produce statistics. The Census Bureau does not disclose any personal information.
Be on the lookout for your invitation to take the 2020 Census
Depending on how likely your area is to respond online, you’ll either receive an invitation to fill out the Census online or an invitation along with a paper questionnaire.
It will only take about 10 minutes to answer the Census, which can be filled out online.
The questions include:
- The number of people at specific residence on April 1, 2020
- The type of dwelling
- The phone number at the residence
- The name, sex, date of birth, origin and race of each person living at the residence
It is important to remind residents that the Census will never ask for the following:
- Personal identification numbers
- Credit card/bank account information
- Monetary donations
- Politically-affiliated contributions
For complete details on the 2020 Census please visit the links above.